In my last post, I wrote about
making a cluttered data set easier to work with by removing
unneeded columns entirely, and by displaying just those columns you
want to work with now. But
too much unneeded data isn't always the problem.
What can you do when someone
gives you data that isn't organized the way you need it to be?
That happens for a variety of
reasons, but most often it's because the... Continue Reading
Isn't it great when you get a set of data and it's perfectly
organized and ready for you to analyze? I love it when the people
who collect the data take special care to make sure to format it
consistently, arrange it correctly, and eliminate the junk,
clutter, and useless information I don't need.
never received a data set in such perfect condition, you say?
Yeah, me neither. But I can... Continue Reading
People can make mistakes when they test a hypothesis with
statistical analysis. Specifically, they can make either Type I or
Type II errors.
As you analyze your own data and test hypotheses, understanding
the difference between Type I and Type II errors is extremely
important, because there's a risk of making each type of error in
every analysis, and the amount of risk is in your
if... Continue Reading
Welcome to the Hypothesis Test Casino! The featured game of the
house is roulette. But this is no ordinary game of
roulette. This is p-value roulette!
Here’s how it works: We have two roulette wheels, the Null wheel
and the Alternative wheel. Each wheel has 20 slots (instead of the
usual 37 or 38). You get to bet on one slot.
What happens if the ball lands in the slot you bet on? Well,
that depends... Continue Reading
now I’m enjoying my daily dose of morning joe. As the steam rises
off the cup, the dark rich liquid triggers a powerful enzyme
cascade that jump-starts my brain and central nervous system,
delivering potent glints of perspicacity into the dark crevices of
my still-dormant consciousness.
Feels good, yeah! But is it good for me? Let’s see what the
Drinking more than 4 cups of coffee... Continue Reading
Statistics can be challenging, especially if you're not
analyzing data and interpreting the results every day. Statistical
software makes things easier by handling the arduous
mathematical work involved in statistics. But ultimately, we're
responsible for correctly interpreting and communicating what the
results of our analyses show.
The p-value is probably the most frequently cited
statistic. We... Continue Reading
To make objective
decisions about the processes that are critical to your
organization, you often need to examine categorical data. You may
know how to use a t-test or ANOVA when you’re comparing measurement
data (like weight, length, revenue, and so on), but do you know how to compare
attribute or counts data? It easy to do with statistical software
One person may look at
this bar... Continue Reading
by Rehman Khan, guest blogger
There are many articles giving
Minitab tips already, so to be different I have done
mine in the style of my books, which use example-based learning. All
ten tips are shown using a single example.
If you don’t already know these 10 tips you will get much more
benefit if you work along with the example. You don’t need to
download any files to work along—although, if you... Continue Reading
Histograms are one of the
most common graphs used to display numeric data. Anyone who
takes a statistics course is likely to learn about the histogram,
and for good reason: histograms are easy to understand and can
instantly tell you a lot about your data.
Here are three of the most important things you can learn by
looking at a histogram.
Shape—Mirror, Mirror, On the Wall…
If the left side of a... Continue Reading
by Matthew Barsalou, guest
The old saying “if it walks like a duck, quacks like a duck and
looks like a duck, then it must be a duck” may be appropriate in
bird watching; however, the same idea can’t be applied when
observing a statistical distribution. The dedicated ornithologist
is often armed with binoculars and a field guide to the local birds
and this should be sufficient. A... Continue Reading
In its industry guidance to companies that manufacture drugs and
biological products for people and animals, the Food and Drug
Administration (FDA) recommends three stages for process
my last post covered
statistical tools for the Process Design stage, here we will
focus on the statistical techniques typically utilized for the
second stage, Process Qualification.
Stage 2: Process... Continue Reading
you ever wonder why statistical analyses and concepts often have
such weird, cryptic names?
One conspiracy theory points to the workings of a secret
committee called the ICSSNN. The International Committee for
Sadistic Statistical Nomenclature and Numerophobia was formed
solely to befuddle and subjugate the masses. Its mission: To select
the most awkward, obscure, and confusing name possible... Continue Reading
In my last post on
DMAIC tools for the Define phase, we reviewed various graphs
and stats typically used to define project goals and
customer deliverables. Let’s now move along to the tools you can
use in Minitab
Statistical Software to conduct the Measure phase.
Measure Phase Methodology
The goal of this phase is to measure the process to
determine its current performance and quantify the problem.... Continue Reading
People frequently have different opinions. Usually that's
fine—if everybody thought the same way, life would be pretty
boring—but many business decisions are based on opinion. And when
different people in an organization reach different conclusions
about the same business situation, problems follow.
Inconsistency and poor quality result when people being asked to
make yes / no, pass / fail, and... Continue Reading
Process validation is vital to the success of companies that
manufacture drugs and biological products for people and animals.
According to the FDA guidelines published by the U.S. Department of
Health and Human Services:
“Process validation is defined as
the collection and evaluation of data, from the process design
state through commercial production, which establishes scientific
evidence that a... Continue Reading
by Matthew Barsalou, guest blogger
The great Dr. Seuss tells of Mr. Plunger, who is the custodian
at Diffendoofer School on the corner of Dinkzoober and Dinzott in
the town of Dinkerville. The good Mr. Plunger “keeps the whole school clean” using a
Unfortunately, Dr. Seuss fails to tell us where the
supper-zooper-flooper-do came from and if the production process
was... Continue Reading
Did you ever get a pair of jeans or a shirt that you liked, but
didn't quite fit you perfectly? That happened to me a few months
ago. The jeans looked good, and they were very well made, but it
took a while before I was comfortable wearing them.
I much prefer it when I can get a pair with a perfect fit, that
feel like I was born in them, with no period of
So which pair do you think I... Continue Reading
Minitab is the leading provider of software and services for quality
improvement and statistics education. More than 90% of Fortune 100 companies
use Minitab Statistical Software, our flagship product, and more students
worldwide have used Minitab to learn statistics than any other package.
Minitab Inc. is a privately owned company headquartered in State College,
Pennsylvania, with subsidiaries in the United Kingdom, France, and
Australia. Our global network of representatives serves more than 40
countries around the world.