In statistics, as in life, absolute certainty is rare. That's
why statisticians often can't provide a result that is as specific
as we might like; instead, they provide the results of an analysis
as a range, within which the data suggest the true answer lies.
Most of us are familiar with "confidence intervals," but that's
just of several different kinds of intervals we can use to
characterize the... Continue Reading
by Matthew Barsalou, guest blogger
Once upon a time, in the Kingdom of Wetzlar, there was a farm
with over a thousand chickens, two pigs, and a cow. The chickens
were well treated, but a few rabble-rousers among them got the rest
of the chickens worked up. These trouble-making chickens
looked almost like the other chickens, but in fact they
were evil chickens.
By HerbertT -
Eigenproduktion, CC... Continue Reading
Easy access to the right tools makes any task easier. That
simple idea has made the Swiss Army knife essential for
adventurers: just one item in your pocket gives you instant access
to dozens of tools when you need them.
your current adventures include analyzing data, the multifaceted
Editor menu in Minitab Statistical
Software is just as essential.
Minitab’s Dynamic Editor Menu
Whether you’re... Continue Reading
It's a very exciting time at Minitab's offices around the world
because we've just announced the availability of
Minitab® 18 Statistical Software.
is everywhere today, but to use it to make sound, strategic
business decisions, you need to have tools that turn that data into
knowledge and insights. We've designed Minitab 18 to do
We've incorporated a lot of new
features, made some... Continue Reading
charts are excellent tools for looking at data points that seem
unusual and for deciding whether they're worthy of investigation.
If you use control charts frequently, then you're used to the idea
that if certain subgroups reflect temporary abnormalities, you can
leave them out when you calculate your center line and control
limits. If you include points that you already know are... Continue Reading
Users often contact Minitab technical support to ask how the
software calculates the control limits on control charts.
A frequently asked question is how the control limits are
calculated on an
I-MR Chart or Individuals Chart. If Minitab plots the upper and
lower control limits (UCL and LCL) three standard deviations above
and below the mean, why are the limits plotted at values other than
3 times... Continue Reading
One highlight of writing for and editing the Minitab Blog is the
opportunity to read your responses and answer your questions.
Sometimes, to my chagrin, you point out that we've made a mistake.
However, I'm particularly grateful for those comments, because it
permits us to correct inadvertent errors.
feared I had an opportunity to fix just such an error when I saw
this comment appear on one of... Continue Reading
As someone who has collected and analyzed real data for a
living, the idea of using simulated data for a Monte Carlo
simulation sounds a bit odd. How can you improve a real product
with simulated data? In this post, I’ll help you understand the
methods behind Monte Carlo simulation and walk you through a
simulation example using Companion by Minitab.
Companion by Minitab is a software platform that... Continue Reading
Choosing the right type of subgroup in a control chart is
crucial. In a rational subgroup, the variability within a subgroup
should encompass common causes, random, short-term variability and
represent “normal,” “typical,” natural process variations, whereas
differences between subgroups are useful to detect drifts in
variability over time (due to “special” or “assignable” causes).
Variation within... Continue Reading
Earlier, I wrote about the
different types of data statisticians typically encounter. In
this post, we're going to look at why, when given a choice in the
matter, we prefer to analyze continuous data rather than
categorical/attribute or discrete data.
As a reminder, when we assign something to a group or give it a
name, we have created attribute or
categorical data. If we count something,
like... Continue Reading
You've collected a bunch of
data. It wasn't easy, but you did it. Yep, there it is, right
there...just look at all those numbers, right there in neat columns
and rows. Congratulations.
I hate to ask...but what are you
going to do with your data?
If you're not sure precisely
what to do with the data you've got, graphing it is a
great way to get some valuable insight and direction. And a good
graph to... Continue Reading
In its industry guidance to companies that manufacture drugs and
biological products for people and animals,
the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recommends three stages for
Process Qualification, and Continued Process Verification. In
this post, we we will focus on that third stage.
Stage 3: Continued Process Verification
Per the FDA guidelines, the goal of... Continue Reading
People can make mistakes when they test a hypothesis with
statistical analysis. Specifically, they can make either Type I or
Type II errors.
As you analyze your own data and test hypotheses, understanding
the difference between Type I and Type II errors is extremely
important, because there's a risk of making each type of error in
every analysis, and the amount of risk is in your
if... Continue Reading
Welcome to the Hypothesis Test Casino! The featured game of the
house is roulette. But this is no ordinary game of
roulette. This is p-value roulette!
Here’s how it works: We have two roulette wheels, the Null wheel
and the Alternative wheel. Each wheel has 20 slots (instead of the
usual 37 or 38). You get to bet on one slot.
What happens if the ball lands in the slot you bet on? Well,
that depends... Continue Reading
now I’m enjoying my daily dose of morning joe. As the steam rises
off the cup, the dark rich liquid triggers a powerful enzyme
cascade that jump-starts my brain and central nervous system,
delivering potent glints of perspicacity into the dark crevices of
my still-dormant consciousness.
Feels good, yeah! But is it good for me? Let’s see what the
Drinking more than 4 cups of coffee... Continue Reading
Statistics can be challenging, especially if you're not
analyzing data and interpreting the results every day. Statistical
software makes things easier by handling the arduous
mathematical work involved in statistics. But ultimately, we're
responsible for correctly interpreting and communicating what the
results of our analyses show.
The p-value is probably the most frequently cited
statistic. We... Continue Reading
To make objective
decisions about the processes that are critical to your
organization, you often need to examine categorical data. You may
know how to use a t-test or ANOVA when you’re comparing measurement
data (like weight, length, revenue, and so on), but do you know how to compare
attribute or counts data? It easy to do with statistical software
One person may look at
this bar... Continue Reading
by Matthew Barsalou, guest
The old saying “if it walks like a duck, quacks like a duck and
looks like a duck, then it must be a duck” may be appropriate in
bird watching; however, the same idea can’t be applied when
observing a statistical distribution. The dedicated ornithologist
is often armed with binoculars and a field guide to the local birds
and this should be sufficient. A... Continue Reading
Have you ever wanted to know the odds of something happening, or
It's the kind of question that students are frequently asked to
calculate by hand in introductory statistics classes, and going
through that exercise is a good way to become familiar with the
mathematical formulas the underlie probability (and hence, all of
But let's be honest: when class is over, most... Continue Reading
In its industry guidance to companies that manufacture drugs and
biological products for people and animals, the Food and Drug
Administration (FDA) recommends three stages for process
my last post covered
statistical tools for the Process Design stage, here we will
focus on the statistical techniques typically utilized for the
second stage, Process Qualification.
Stage 2: Process... Continue Reading
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